Проектирование учебно-познавательной деятельности
обучаемых с учетом методики обучения аудирования.
Better be born lucky than rich.
Не родись красивой, а родись счастливой.
1. Straight— прямой
2. Neither... nor— ни... ни
3. Fair hair— светлые волосы
4. swim - плавать
5. tall - высокий (о человеке)
6. swimming-pool - бассейн
7. be fond of - увлекаться
1. What is your name?
2. What are you?
3. How old are you?
4. What form are you in?
5. What subjects do you learn at school?
6. Have you got any hobby?
7. What are you fond of?
8. Have you got any friends?
9. Have you got a brother or a sister?
10. Where do you live?
My name is Ann. I am 11.1 am in the 6th form.
I live in a good flat in Moscow. I have a mother and a father but I have neither a sister nor a brother.
I am tall. My hair is short and fair. My eyes are big and brown. I have a straight nose.
I learn many interesting subjects at school. They are: English, Russian, History, Music and others.
I am fond of English. I like reading English books and I learn easy poems and songs.
My hobby is swimming. I go to a small swimming pool twice a week.
I have many friends. We play different games together.
1. My name is… a. интересные предметы
2. to live in … b. ни … ни
3. neither …nor c. жить в
4. tall d. моё имя
5.interesting subjects e. история
6. history f. друзья
7. friends g. высокая
1. My name is Kate.
2. I am 11.
3. I live in Rostov.
4. I have a sister and a brother.
5. I am tall.
6. My hair is long and fair.
7. My hobby is swimming.
1. My name is … .
2. I am in the … form.
3. My eyes are big and … .
4. I am fond of … .
5. My hobby is … .
6. I have got many … .
A friend is never known till needed.
Друга не узнаешь, пока не понадобится его помощь.
1. tall— высокий (о человеке)
2. thin— тонкий
3. thick— толстый
4. neither... nor— ни... ни
5. know - знать
6. player - игрок
7. play chess - играть в шахматы
8. play the piano - играть на пианино
9. faithful - преданный
10. recite - читать наизусть
11. computer games - компьютерные игры
1. neither … nor a. проводить свободное время
2. thin b. интересные игры
3. to study well c. преданный
4. faithful d. хороший игрок
5. homework e. играть в шахматы
6. to spend free time f. тонкий
7. to play chess g. читать наизусть
8. a good player h. играть на пианино
9. to recite i. учиться хорошо
10. to play the piano j. домашнее задание
11. interesting game k. ни … ни
I have got a friend. His name is Kostya. He is 14. Kostya is neither tall nor short. He is thin. His face is round and his eyes are blue. His hair is short and fair.
My friend is in the 9th form. He studies well and likes to study at school. He is a good pupil. Kostya is not only a good pupil but is also a faithful friend. He often helps me to do my homework.
I like to spend my free time with my friend. We go for walks, read and discuss books together and we go to the cinema.
Kostya enjoys playing chess. He is a good player. He spends a lot of time on Hi is game. In the evening if we have t пае, he comes to see me and teaches me how to play chess.
I have got another friend. Her name is Tanya. She is a nice girl. She is short and thin. Her eyes are brown. Her hair is dark and long.
Tanya is 13. She is in the 8th form. She likes to study at school and she does it well. Her favorite subject is English. She spends a lot of time learning it. Tanya knows many English poems and recites them to me.
My friend likes music. She plays the piano well. Sometimes I go to see her and she plays the piano.
My friends Kostya and Tanya like computer games. They have got many interesting games and sometimes we play together.
I like my friends very much. I think they are true friends.
1. I have got … friends:
2. Their names are … :
a. Kostya and Kate
b. Tanya and Kostya
c. Kolya and Olya
3. Kostya is in the … form:
4. Kostya enjoys playing:
5. Tanya's favourite subject is :
6. My faithful friend is:
I have got a … (1). His name is … (2). He is 14. Kostya is neither … (3) nor short. He is thin. His face is round and his eyes are … (4). His hair is short and … (5).
My friend is in the … (6) form. He studies well and likes to study at school. He is a good pupil. Kostya is not only a good pupil but is also a … (7) friend. He often helps me to do my … (8).
I like to spend my … (9) with my friend. We go for walks, read and discuss books together and we go to the … (10).
His name is Kostya.
She is in the 8th form.
I have got a friend.
My friend is in the 9th form.
I have another friend.
I think they are true friends.
Her name is Tanya.
1. living-room- гостиная комната
2. piano- пианино, рояль
3. furniture- мебель
4. armchair- кресло
5. near- около
6. wide- широкий
7. carpet- ковер
8. narrow- узкий
9. neither… nor- ни… ни
10. sideboard- буфет
11. wardrobe- гардероб
12. above- над
1. Is your flat big or small?
2. What number is your flat?
3. How many rooms does the flat have?
4. What is there in the living-room?
5. Is there a piano in it?
6. Is the TV set on the left or on the right?
7. The dining-room is big, isn't it?
8. Where is the wardrobe?
9. Do you like your room?
10. Why do you like your flat?
I have got a flat. It is neither big nor small. It is on the fifth floor. It is number 59. Our flat has two rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a corridor.
Our living-room is big. It is light, be-cause it has two large windows. There is a piano on the left. There is a round stool near the piano. The piano is new and black. The TV set is on the right. There is an armchair and a sofa near the TV set. There is a picture on the wall, above the piano. It is a nice picture.
There is a round table in the middle of the room. There are four chairs near the table. The sideboard is on the left. There are some pictures by modern painters on the wall.
The carpet hanging on the wall is big and grey. I like our living-room and I often spend my free time watching TV and reading newspapers and magazines there.
I have my own room. It is small. There is not much furniture there. My room is not very light, because it only has one window.
There is a sofa on the right. The wardrobe is near the window. There is a small desk by the window. There are two chairs at the desk and a TV set in the corner of the room. The bookcase is near the door. There are many books in it. I have many bookshelves in my room. There are Russian and English books there. I like my room very much. When my friends come to see me I invite them into my room.
It is a pity that we have no balcony. Our kitchen is big and comfortable. The furniture in the kitchen is not dark, it is light. A new refrigerator stands near the window. We usually have breakfast and supper in the kitchen.
The bathroom is small. We wash there in the morning and in the evening. There is a washing-machine near the door. We have a vacuum-cleaner, which is in the bathroom too.
The corridor in our flat is long and narrow. There is a telephone in it.
I like my flat. My friends say that it is a comfortable one.
1. What number is this flat?
2. How many rooms does the flat have?
3. What is there in the living-room?
4. What is there in the kitchen and in the bathroom?
Don't look a gift horse in the mouth.
Дареному коню зубы не смотрят.
1. remarkable — замечательный
2. relative — родственник, родственница
3. lay the table — накрывать на стол
4. candle — свеча
5. blow out — задувать (свечи)
Don't look a gift horse in the mouth.
My birthday is on the 12th of March. My birthday is a very remarkable day for me. It is spring and the weather is fine. It is warm. In the morning my parents come to my room and say, "Happy Birthday!" They give me presents. I enjoy getting them. I usually have my birthday party at home. My parents and I prepare for this day. We invite my friends and relatives to the party. I usually celebrate my birthday on Sunday. I get up early in the morning. My father and I go to the shops and to the market to buy the things we need for the party. My mother stays at home. She cleans the flat, makes cakes, lays the table and waits for the guests. I like this day. At four o'clock my relatives and friends come to congratulate me and I am glad to see them.
They bring flowers, books and sweets as birthday presents. I thank my friends.
My relatives usually buy me a dress or a suit.
We have a good dinner on this day. Mother brings us a cake with ten candles on it, because this year I am 10. My friends sing the song: "Happy Birthday to you" and I blow all the candles out. During the lively party we sing songs, dance, make jokes, play games and talk about our life, hobbies and the future.
After having tea we dance, watch TV and tell stories and funny jokes.
I enjoy my birthday party. My friends like this day too.
1. My birthday is …
2. In the morning my parents …
3. I usually have my birthday party …
4. We invite …
5. I usually celebrate my birthday …
6. At four o'clock my relatives and friends come …
7. My relatives usually buy me …
8. After having tea we dance, watch TV …
a. come to my room and say, "Happy Birthday!"
b. a dress or a suit.
c. on the 12th of March.
d. at home.
e. and tell stories and funny jokes.
f. to congratulate me and I am glad to see them.
g. my friends and relatives to the party.
h. on Sunday.
2. a very remarkable day
3. Happy Birthday
5. to go to the shops and to the market
6. lay the table
8. a cake with candles
1. My birthday is on the 13th of March.
2. It is spring and the weather is fine.
3. My parents and I prepare for this day.
4. I don't get up early in the morning.
5. At five o'clock my relatives and friends come to congratulate me.
6. We have a good dinner on this day.
7. I enjoy my birthday party.
1. be fond of - увлекаться чем-то
2. straight - прямой
3. skilled - квалифицированный
4.turned-up - курносый
Our family is not large. It consists of four people. They are: my mother, my father, my sister and me. My mother's name is Anna Petrovna. She is 40. She is a skilled doctor. Anna Petrovna is a very nice woman. She is tall and thin. She has big brown eyes, a turned-up nose, her hair is long and fair.
My father's name is Boris Ivanovich. He is 42. He is a worker. Boris Ivanovich likes his work very much. He is tall. His hair is short and dark. He has a round face. His eyes are big and grey.
My sister's name is Tanya. She is 15. She is a pupil. Tanya is in the 10th form. She studies well and has many friends. My sister likes music, and she plays the piano.
My name is Larisa. I am short and thin. My hair is long and fair. My eyes are blue. I like to dress in a modern style. I am 14.1 am a 9th form pupil. Russian, History and English are my favourite subjects. I want to use English in my future work.
One of my hobbies is music. I am fond of dancing at discos. I like to buy and read books too.
In the evening all the members of our family like to watch TV. Sometimes we go to the theatre or to a concert. When the weather is fine, we like to go for a walk.
1. состоит из
2. квалифицированный врач
3. курносый нос
5. учиться хорошо
6. любимые предметы
7. будущая работа
8. интересоваться чем-то
1. Anna Petrovna:
2. Boris Ivanovich:
skilled doctor, worker, blue eyes, big and grey eyes, a turned nose, short and dark hair, plays the piano, long and fair hair, dresses in a modern style, studies well, likes music, a round face, brown eyes.
MY WEEK DAY.
An early riser is sure to be in luck.
Кто рано встает, того удача ждет.
1. subject - предмет
2. meat - мясо
3. oral - устный
4. Physical Training - урок физкультуры
5. fried potatoes - жареный картофель
An early riser is sure to be in luck.
I get up at 7 o'clock on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. I make my bed and then I do my morning exercises. I go to the bathroom, where I wash.
Then I dress, go into the kitchen and have breakfast at 8 o'clock. I have a cup of tea or a glass of juice, bread, butter, cheese, and a piece of sausage.
I put my books, pens, exercise-books and other things into my bag, then I go to school. Our school is near my house. It takes me ten minutes to get there. I usually have 5 lessons at school. For example, yesterday I had English, Russian, Physical Training, Biology and Physics.
I come home at 2 o'clock and have lunch. At 3 o'clock I go for a walk with my friends. At 5 o'clock I do my homework. I like to do oral tasks. I don't like written exercises but I try to do them well.
At 7 o'clock in the evening I have meat or fish, fried potatoes, fruit and a cup of tea for supper. Sometimes my mother prepares a cake for supper. I always read books and watch TV in the evening. I go to bed at 10 or 11 o'clock.
I make my … and then I do my … . I go to the … , where I wash. Then I dress , go into the … . I have a cup of … or a glass of … , bread, butter, … , and a piece of … . I put my books, pens, … and other things into … , then I go to … . Our school is … my house. It takes me … minutes to get there. I usually have … lessons at school.
HOW I CAN HELP MY PARENTS.
Never put off till tomorrow
What you can do today.
Не откладывай на завтра то,что можешь сделать сегодня.
l. dishes — посуда
2. fruit — фрукты
3. carry — нести
4. sweep the floor — подметать пол
5. vacuum-cleaner — пылесос
6. plant — растение
7. strawberry— земляника, клубника
8. twice— дважды
My name is Rimma. I live with my mother and father. I like to help them. Every Sunday I clean my room. I take the vacuum-cleaner and vacuum the carpets. I sweep the floor, dust the sofa and the chairs. I try to dust the furniture properly.
We have a lot of flowers at home. Twice a week I water them. I like flowers very much.
I help my mother to lay the table. I bring plates, spoons and forks and put them on the table. Every day I wash the dishes after lunch and supper.
My mother cooks well, sometimes I help her when she makes cakes. She usually makes them before holidays and on my birthday.
If I have time, my mother asks me to go to the shop. I go there and buy bread, eggs and sugar. Very often I go to the market with my mother. We buy fruit and vegetables and I help my mother to carry them.
We have a country house. There we have a big garden with many trees, bus lies and flowers in it. There is a lot of work in our garden and I help my parents to do it.
Every day in the morning I water the flowers and plants. I usually take care of the strawberries.
I am sure it is necessary to help parents.
1) My name is Rimma.
My name is Rita.
2) I do not like to help my parents.
I like to help my parents.
3) Every Sunday I clean my room.
Every Monday I clean my room.
4) We have a lot of flowers at home.
We have not flowers at home.
5) Sometimes I wash the dishes after lunch and supper.
Every day I wash the dishes after lunch and supper.
6) Very often I go to the market with my mother.
Very often I go to the market with my father.
Раскройте данные предложения:
1) I clean my room.
2) I help my mother to lay the table.
3) I go to the market.
Do you like to help your parents?
How do you help your mother and father?
MY FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER.
1. advertisement — объявление
2. necessary — необходимый
3. modern — современный
4. funny (humorous) — юмористический
5. abroad — за границей
1. Are there many newspapers in your town?
2. What kind of newspapers do you like to read?
There are many kinds of newspapers in this country. It is possible to buy them almost everywhere but we can't read all the newspapers. We know that it is necessary to read newspapers. By reading them we learn a lot of interesting and useful things. I think that everyone should read a newspaper every day. I read many newspapers and magazines. Everyone has his/her favourite newspaper but I like "Vechernaya Moskva" best of all. This newspaper was published on the 6th of December, 1923 for the first time.
It usually has 8 pages. You can read about the news on the 1st page. You don't find out a lot about these events and only read facts, which are usually short but interesting. If you turn to the second page, you can read about people's lives. You can read about events abroad and about your favourite artists and singers, too. You can look at advertisements on each page of the newspaper and use them. You find out about the weather in this newspaper.
If you are fond of football, basket-ball or tennis, you can read articles about sports events in this country and about our well-known sportsmen. If you want to buy something you have to read the last page.
There are funny stories in this newspaper.
1) My favourite newspaper is …
a. "Vechernaya Moskva"
c. " Vechernii gorod"
2) This newspaper was published on …
a. the 6th of December
b. the 5th of May
c. the 6th of April
3) It usually has … pages:
4) On the 1 st page you can read about …
b. people's life
c. the news
5) There are … on each page of the newspaper:
a. articles about sports
c. the news
1) There are many kinds of …
2) It is possible to buy them almost everywhere but we can't …
3) By reading them we learn a lot of …
4) Everyone has his/her favourite newspaper but I like …
5) You can read about events abroad and about your favourite …
6) If you are fond of football, … or tennis, you can read articles about … in this country and about … .
1. Name of this newspaper.
2. When was published?
3. How many pages do this newspaper have?
4. What can you read on the pages of this newspaper?
HOBBIES. MY HOBBY.
There is no accounting for taste.
О вкусах не спорят.
1. records - пластинки, записи
2. knit - вязать
3. numerous - многочисленный
4. take photographs - фотографировать
5. tasty - вкусный
6. to smb's taste - по вкусу
7. it is a matter of taste - это дела вкуса
8. peel - чистить овощи
9. cut - резать
10. pie - пирог
11. frying-pan - сковородка
12. grater - тёрка
13. pastry-dough - тесто
14. oven - духовка
15. stew - тушить
16. bake - печь (испекать)
1. it is a matter of taste a. печь
2. take photographs b. быть ближе к природе
3. bake c. тесто
4. pastry-dough d. собирать пластинки
5. future profession e. сковородка
6. collect records f. это дела вкуса
7. to be closer to nature g. фотографировать
8. grown-ups h. тереть морковь и лук
9. to grate carrot and onion i. взрослые
10. frying-pan j. будущая профессия
What is a hobby? It is something you like to do when you have some free time. We choose hobbies according to our characters and tastes. When we have hobbies our lives become more interesting.
Very often our hobbies help us to choose our future professions because we learn a lot of new things.
Many people are interested in music. They collect records. Others like to read and collect books. People living in cities and towns like to be closer to nature and they spend their free time in the country.
Some of us go on hikes, some like to work in their gardens and others take photographs or knit.
For example, gardening and growing roses is the most common hobby among Englishmen.
Both grown-ups and children enjoy playing computer games. This has become one of the most common hobbies.
I have got a hobby too.
My name is Marina. Sometimes I have some free time. As my hobby is cooking I like to make cakes and pies. My cakes are very tasty but I like pies best of all. I'll tell you how I make cabbage pies.
First of all I take a cabbage head, cut it and put it into a frying-pan. Then I take a carrot and peel it. By the way I have a very good grater at home. I like to use it when I make my pies. I usually grate carrot and onion using my favourite grater. I put grated carrot into the frying-pan, then I salt cabbage and carrot to my taste, mix them and add some water. Then I stew these vegetables in the frying-pan. I usually buy some pastry-dough for my pies.
I cut up the pastry-dough, roll it and make small pies. Then I put the pies with the stewed cabbage into the oven. It takes twenty minutes to bake them. My parents and friends like to eat my pies. I advise you to make such pies and I hope that you'll like them too.
1. What is a hobby?
2. Does your life become more interesting if you have a hobby?
3. What kinds of hobbies do you know?
a. First of all I take a cabbage head, cut it and put it into a frying-pan.
b. I stew these vegetables in the frying-pan.
c. It takes twenty minutes to bake them.
d. Then I take a carrot and peel it.
e. I put grated carrot into the frying-pan, then I salt cabbage and carrot to my taste, mix them and add some water.
f. I grate carrot and onion.
g. I cut up the pastry-dough, roll it and make small pies.
h. Then I put the pies with the stewed cabbage into the oven.
MY FAVOURITE ANIMALS.
1. tail— хвост
2. lively— веселый
3. parrot— попугай
4. sheep-dog— овчарка
5. paw— лапа
6. pleasure — удовольствие
7. keep an eye on smb.— наблюдать за кем-л.
8. pet— любимец
9. purr— мурлыкать
10. domestic— домашний (о животных)
11. wild — дикий
12. feed — кормить
13. lair— берлога
14. suck— сосать
I like animals and I have got a cat, a dog and a parrot at home. I take care of my pets by feeding them. I spend a lot of time with my animals.
My cat's name is Murka. She is little and black. My cat has got a small nose, big green eyes and a nice tail. Murka is a lively cat and I like to play with her at home. Most of all Murka likes to sit under the table in the kitchen or to lie on the carpet in my room. My cat likes to purr sitting near me.
Some years ago my mother brought a dog home. He was a small grey puppy.
I liked him very much. Now he is a big dog. He is a sheep-dog. His name is Dick. He has short hair. My dog's tail is long. I walk my dog three times a day and I do it with pleasure. I teach my dog to give me his paw. Sometimes the dog does it well.
I have a parrot at home. He is a lively blue bird. His name is Kesha. Our bird is three years old. He can speak but only a little.
When my friends come to see me I show them my pets.
I like wild animals too. I can see them at the zoo. Every summer my parents and I go to the zoo to look at them.
It is interesting to watch monkeys, elephants, crocodiles, wolves, foxes, bears and many other animals at the zoo. I like films about animals too.
My favourite wild animals are brown bears.
I have read a lot of books about bears. They like honey and sleep in their lairs sucking their paws in winter.
WORDS: a cat, three years old, a dog, a parrot, short hair, little and black, a lively blue bird, long tail, a small nose, big green eyes, a nice tail, to teach to give paw, likes to purr.
3. дикие животные
4. ухаживать за домашними любимцами
5. весёлый щенок
6. голубая птица
7. сосать лапу
8. ходить в зоопарк
9. обучать кого-то давать лапу
10. делать что-то с удовольствием
I WANT TO BE A TEACHER.
Like teacher, like pupil.
Каков учитель, таков и ученик.
1. attend- посещать (лекции)
2. watch- наблюдать за кем-л.
3. catch cold- простудиться
4. head teacher- директор
5. personality- личность
6. improve- улучшать, совершенствовать
7. just - справедливый
Like teacher, like pupil.
I know there are many interesting and useful professions but above all I like the profession of a teacher. I began to think about my future profession at the age of 14. I was born into the family of a teacher. My mother is a teacher and I like this profession too.
When I was a little girl, I went to school with my mother and attended her lessons.
I saw my mother at the lessons. I watched her and I wanted my mother to be a popular among the pupils.
Once our English teacher caught a cold. I was in the 9th form and enjoyed English.
The head teacher asked me to give an English lesson to the 5th form. I entered the classroom, saw many pupils sitting at their desks, said, "Good morning," and began the lesson.
I wanted the pupils to like English. We read, wrote, sang songs, asked and answered questions. I gave English lessons several times and I was happy teaching the pupils when the teacher was absent.
Now I know what I am going to do after leaving school. I want to be an English teacher. It is a very interesting and difficult profession. It is interesting because you work with the pupils and with their personalities. It is difficult because you have to teach them a foreign language. To be a good teacher means to be highly educated person and to know a lot. Every day I improve my English, reading books, translating sentences from Russian into English, reading English newspapers, looking through magazines and sometimes speaking with English people. I like English and I want to be a good and a just teacher.
1. Once our English teacher caught a cold.
2. It is a very interesting and difficult profession.
3. To be a good teacher means to be highly educated person and to know a lot.
I DREAM ABOUT BEING A DOCTOR.
Actions speak louder than words.
О человеке судят no его делам.
1. able-bodied — здоровый, крепкий
2. He is quite recovered. — Он уже выздоровел.
3. achieve — достигать, добиваться
4. aid— помощь
5. attentive — внимательный
6. day by day — день за днем
7. ward— палата
8. noble— благородный
9. pay a visit— посещать
10. operate on— оперировать
11. sanatorium— санаторий
12. treat - лечить
13. surgeon - хирург
14. patient - больной
15. in-patient = hospital patient - больной, находящийся в больнице
16. complain of... - жаловаться на...
17. properly - как следует
There are many interesting and noble professions in our country. I want to become a doctor.
I like this profession and I am eager to get a medical education and work at a hospital.
It is a good tradition in our family. My mother is a doctor, my grandfather is a doctor and I want to be a doctor, too.
When I was a little boy, my grandfather worked at a hospital and I spent some time at the hospital with him. He is a skilled surgeon and works in a surgical department.
Day after day he takes care of his hospital patients, he treats them well. He is very attentive. Every day he comes into the ward asking patients, "How are you feeling?"
He wants all people to be able-bodied and he tries to treat his in-patients properly.
To operate on persons is his main task. 11 c is a kind and skilled surgeon.
Every day he comes into the operating-room and operates on his in-patients. After each operation he takes care of his in-patients. Day by day he helps them to recover and he is glad when he can say, "My in-patient is quite recovered."
Sometimes he advises his in-patients to go to sanatoriums after leaving the hospital. He instructs them in detail what they can do and eat after their operations.
My grandfather tells me a lot of true stories about doctors, their profession and how they help people.
I respect my grandfather. I like his profession and I dream about becoming a doctor too.
There are many interesting and … (1) professions in our country. I want to become a … (2).
I like this profession and I am … (3) to get a … (4) and work at a … (5).
It is a good … (6) in our family. My mother is a doctor, my grandfather is a doctor and I want to be a … (7), too.
When I was a little boy, my grandfather worked at a … (8) and I spent some time at the hospital with him. He is a … (9) and works in a surgical … (10).
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